Affiliated with the
Communication & Space
Sciences Laboratory

Novel Electromagnetic Metamaterials

Metamaterial Absorbers

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[1]   Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, "Conformal Dual-Band Near-Perfectly Absorbing Mid-Infrared Metamaterial Coating," ACS Nano, Vol. 5, No. 6, pp. 4641-4647, April 2011.

ABSTRACT: Metamaterials offer a new approach to create surface coatings with highly customizable electromagnetic absorption from the microwave to the optical regimes. Thus far, efficient metamaterial absorbers have been demonstrated at microwave frequencies, with recent efforts aimed at much shorter terahertz and infrared wavelengths. The present infrared absorbers have been constructed from arrays of nanoscale metal resonators with simple circular or cross-shaped geometries, which provide a single band response. In this paper, we demonstrate a conformal metamaterial absorber with a narrow band, polarization-independent absorptivity of >90% over a wide ±50° angular range centered at mid-infrared wavelengths of 3.3 and 3.9 μm. The highly efficient dual-band metamaterial was realized by using a genetic algorithm to identify an array of H-shaped nanoresonators with an effective electric and magnetic response that maximizes absorption in each wavelength band when patterned on a flexible Kapton and Au thin film substrate stack. This conformal metamaterial absorber maintains its absorption properties when integrated onto curved surfaces of arbitrary materials, making it attractive for advanced coatings that suppress the infrared reflection from the protected surface. Link to Article

[2]   Z. Bayraktar, M. D. Gregory, X. Wang, and D. H. Werner, "Matched Impedance Thin Planar Composite Magneto-dielectric Metasurfaces," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 60, No. 4, pp. 1910 - 1920, April 2012.

ABSTRACT: A novel methodology is presented for the design synthesis of matched impedance thin planar composite magneto-dielectric metasurfaces. The design synthesis involves optimizing thin, metallo-dielectric metasurfaces comprised of a periodic array of electrically small and rotationally symmetric metallic unit cells which are sandwiched between two thin dielectric layers and backed by a perfectly conducting ground plane. Optimization of the structures is carried out with a genetic algorithm (GA) to obtain a design with electromagnetic properties that are equivalent to a desired matched-impedance homogeneous medium of the same thickness. Optimized design results demonstrate the effectiveness of this new technique in synthesizing thin planar composite matched-impedance magneto-dielectric metasurfaces (MIMDM). To validate the approach, full-wave simulations of the actual metamaterial structure were compared with results obtained by employing an equivalent homogeneous effective medium and found to be in excellent agreement. Several designs are optimized with targeted applications such as substrates for miniaturized patch antennas and electromagnetic absorbing materials. Link to Article

[3]   J. A. Bossard, L. Ling, S. Yun, L. Liu, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, "Near-Ideal Optical Metamaterial Absorbers with Super-Octave Bandwidth," ACS Nano, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 1517-1524, January 2014.

ABSTRACT: Nanostructured optical coatings with tailored spectral absorption properties are of interest for a wide range of applications such as spectroscopy, emissivity control, and solar energy harvesting. Optical metamaterial absorbers have been demonstrated with a variety of customized single band, multiple band, polarization, and angular configurations. However, metamaterials that provide near unity absorptivity with super-octave bandwidth over a specified optical wavelength range have not yet been demonstrated experimentally. Here, we show a broadband, polarization-insensitive metamaterial with greater than 98% measured average absorptivity that is maintained over a wide ±45° field-of-view for mid-infrared wavelengths between 1.77 and 4.81 μm. The nearly ideal absorption is realized by using a genetic algorithm to identify the geometry of a single-layer metal nanostructure array that excites multiple overlapping electric resonances with high optical loss across greater than an octave bandwidth. The response is optimized by substituting palladium for gold to increase the infrared metallic loss and by introducing a dielectric superstrate to suppress reflection over the entire band. This demonstration advances the state-of-the-art in high-performance broadband metamaterial absorbers that can be reliably fabricated using a single patterned layer of metal nanostructures. Link to Article